Role of Implementing Strategies of Expanded Core Curriculum for Effective Orientation and Mobility Practices from Perspectives of Parents and Teachers of Visually Impaired Leaners in Pakistan
The present research study focuses on to evaluate the contribution of reviewed Expanded Core Curriculum with focusing on Orientation and Mobility approaches from the perspectives of teachers and parents of VILs (Visually Impaired Learners). The issue of VIL’s O&M in light of ECC is the most vital problem which needs a genuine solution through the application of implementing strategies from teachers and parents views in Pakistan. This qualitative study focuses on implementing strategies of ECC with O&M, with perspectives of teachers and parents of VILs in Pakistan. Population of the study was from two government secondary level institutes of VILs in Lahore, Pakistan. Purposive sampling technique was used for collection of data. Data collection tools were Semi-Structure interviews and Observations. This research tries to validate the research questions; 1: To investigate contribution of modified ECC in connection to ( O&M) Orientation & Mobility application for VILs with respect to the views of teachers and parents 2: To investigate ECC’s implementing strategies in affiliation to Orientation and Mobility in view of VILs teachers and parents. Final results of the research paper recommended that ECC’s implementing strategies in relation to O&M practices support independent movement of VILs in their settings. Teachers and parents of VILs proposed the inclusion of all the sub-components of ECC with O&M practices to ensure independent mobility of VILs. There is crucial and valuable importance of these implementing strategies of ECC with O&M to be practiced by teachers and parents of VILs in Pakistan.
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