Anemia and its Causes among Children in District Dir Lower Applying Ranked Set Sampling Method for Data Collection
The present study estimated the incidence and risk factors of anemia among children in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Population of this study was the children who studying in primary schools. Two-stage cluster ranked set sampling method was used to identify the representative sample from the population. Schools were considered as clusters from which five schools were selected randomly. Then, from each selected school 20 children were selected for taking information. Finally, 100 children consisting 57 male and 43 male subjects were selected. Data were collected using structure questionnaire from the respondents. Anemia was diagnosed using recommended standard method. The anemia prevalence was 65% in both male/female children. While 66.7% male and 62.3% female were anemic in the study area. In order to find the significant risk factors of anemia in the study area, logistic regression model was estimated. The model shows that gender, malaria, family income and stunting were significantly affecting the prevalence of anemia. The study concluded that high percentage primary school children were anemic. Awareness in parents is vital regarding risk factors of anaemia.
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