https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/issue/feed Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review 2024-06-24T20:14:40+00:00 Muhammad Idris editor@rjsser.org.pk Open Journal Systems <p><iframe src="https://rjsser.org.pk/" width="100%" height="4550"> </iframe></p> https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/689 Association of Social Support and Type ‘A’ Personality with Students Distinction at University Level 2024-06-23T20:15:30+00:00 Tabassum Faiz Soleheria muskanjasmine78@gmail.com Amjad Reba amjadreba@uop.edu.pk <p><em>This study sought to find out the association between social supports and Type 'A' personality patterns with students' distinction at the university level. The study has two objectives and two hypotheses. The study was conducted at the University of Peshawar and various departments of the University were randomly selected; the sample included Thirty (30) purposively selected participants. All the respondents were those who were high achievers in their respective departments. A quantitative approach was used to analyze the study findings. </em><em>The sample consisted of 30 students, and about 60% of them were classified as Type 'A' and the categorization was based on scores they obtained on the Type 'A' scale. The results revealed a momentous association between personality patterns and academic distinction. Results demonstrated that Type 'A' students are more dominant, responsible, and academically successful; they have a happy-go-lucky and enthusiastic personality. It is also revealed through results that the factor of social support is highly significant and shows that academic success depends on social support in great deal. These findings suggest that family help, emotional support, and social environment have an important role in individual success in educational lives. High scorers have a better family interaction pattern than other students who have minimal or no social support. The study recommended that for stakeholders. Parental awareness programs about the significance of family interaction must be provided through various gatherings like parent-teacher associations.&nbsp; Teachers should help their students to become more confident and to express their ideas and views freely. Their support will increase the chances of greater academic success in their life.</em></p> 2024-05-03T05:51:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/692 Influence of Socio-Economic Status on Social Adjustment of University Students 2024-06-23T20:15:20+00:00 Asiya Anwar asiya.anwar@uos.edu.pk Abida Parveen abida.parveen@uos.edu.pk Mushtaq Ahmad mushtaq.ahmad@uos.edu.pk <p><em>The purpose of the study was to investigate how undergraduate students' social adjustments at the university level are impacted by their socioeconomic status. The study's population consisted of all Sargodha University undergraduate students enrolled in various departments. A total of 550 students were chosen at random from 11 different departments. The Socio-economic status survey for students and the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) research scales were modified and employed; the corresponding Cronbach Alpha values were 0.90 and 0.79. This descriptive study employed the survey technique. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the data analysis process. Major findings were that the </em>majority of students had moderate levels of social adjustment and were from moderate SES backgrounds. Moreover, the majority of the students were better at socially adjusting to others. <em>Male students were better than female students in their social adjustment whereas students with low SES had better social adjustment than students with moderate &amp; high SES. Then, It is suggested that department administrators should arrange student-exposure events including lectures, seminars, group projects, and discussions.</em> <em>The results of this study also showed that teachers' educational practices can be greatly enhanced if they take appropriate considerations into account when taking such activities for the social adjustment of university students.</em></p> 2024-05-03T06:08:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/684 Intention of Consumers to Purchase Electric Vehicles in Developing Countries 2024-06-23T20:15:10+00:00 Ali Asghar Jamali zulfiqarlashari5@gmail.com Saima Kalwar saima.kalwar@faculty.muet.edu.pk Zulfiqar Ali Lashari zulfiqarlashari5@gmail.com <p><em>Electric vehicles (EVs) have appeared as a strategic solution for minimizing vehicle emissions. For the successful integration of EVs into existing transportation frameworks, it's critical to know the reasons which influence consumer buying decisions towards EVs. This study is designed to delve into these factors, with a specific emphasis on consumer perceptions. A survey was administered in October 2023, targeting potential buyers in Qasimabad Taluka, Hyderabad City, yielding 400 valid responses. The analysis employing binary logistic regression, provided empirical insights. The outcomes revealed that gender, specifically being male, and falling within a certain income bracket were significant indicators of a propensity to acquire an EV. Conversely, individuals in their 20s and 30s were less inclined to consider purchasing EVs. These results offer actionable guidance for the formulation of marketing methodologies and act like a benchmark for stakeholders in the EV sector to enhance the effectiveness of policies aimed at promoting EV adoption.</em></p> 2024-05-08T15:15:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/691 Assessing Classroom Management Skills of University Teachers: A Case of University of Malakand 2024-06-23T20:15:00+00:00 Saima Muhammad saimamuhammad719@gmail.com Dr. Iqbal Amin Khan iqbalphd.scholar@yahoo.com Tariq Islam tariqislam@uop.edu.pk <p><em>This descriptive study analyzed classroom management skills and how it has been affected by some selected demographic variables. The researchers used a quantitative research design to explore the problem. By using a stratified random sampling method 120 university teachers were selected from nine faculties of the University of Malakand. A self-constructed questionnaire consisting of 41 Likert-type items was validated through a panel of experts and was used to collect data from the respondents. The instrument focused on three major components of classroom management skills that are content management, covenant management, and conduct management. The reliability of the instrument was established through Cronbach's alpha value which was found to be .86. The analyses of data revealed that university teachers had above-average levels of observance towards classroom management skills. Findings revealed that teachers' age, designation, and experience had a significant effect on their perceptions of classroom management skills. The results also revealed that teachers' gender, current post of service, and academic and professional qualification had no significant effect on their perceptions of classroom management skills. The study recommended that university administration with the collaboration of the Higher Education Commission may arrange in-service training opportunities to enhance their classroom management skills. For this purpose, the university may request the National Academy for Higher Education to arrange both short and long training sessions for the fresh and experienced faculty to improve their skills related to classroom management.</em></p> 2024-05-08T15:25:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/693 Decreasing Costs Over Time in Construction Projects: Effective Cost Management 2024-06-23T20:14:49+00:00 Hafiz Muhammad Qamar Abbas qamarurzaman4@gmail.com Dr. Imran Ghafoor Chaudhry imran_g@yahoo.com Dr. Muhammad Faisal Shahzad mfshahzad@uet.edu.pk <p><em>Cost management effectiveness is a critical aspect of construction project management, with cost overruns posing significant challenges to project success. This research article investigates the phenomenon of decreasing costs over time in construction projects. It examines various strategies employed by project managers to reduce costs as projects progress, analyzes empirical data from real-world construction projects, and discusses the implications of cost reduction trends on project management practices. The study reveals that factors such as economies of scale, learning curve effects, technology advancements, and process optimization contribute to cost reduction over time. The findings provide valuable insights into effective cost management strategies and their implications for project stakeholders. The construction industry faces constant pressure to deliver projects within budget while maintaining high quality standards. Decreasing costs over time in construction projects requires strategic planning, efficient resource utilization, and continuous optimization of processes. This abstract explores various methodologies for cost reduction in construction projects, including value engineering, lean construction principles, strategic procurement, technology integration, risk management, and effective project management. By implementing these methodologies throughout the project lifecycle, construction teams can identify cost-saving opportunities, streamline operations, mitigate risks, and ultimately achieve significant cost reductions. Case studies demonstrate the tangible benefits of these methodologies in real-world construction projects, showcasing how proactive cost management strategies contribute to project success. Through careful analysis, collaboration, and innovation, construction projects can achieve cost savings while delivering high-quality results within schedule constraints.</em></p> 2024-05-15T04:39:44+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/695 Faculty Preparedness for Universal Design for Online Teaching at the University Level: A Systematic Review 2024-06-24T20:14:40+00:00 Dr. Fouzia Ajmal fouzia.ajmal@iiu.edu.pk <p>The systematic review examines the readiness of faculty members to utilize and implement universal design in online learning at the university level. (Li, 2020; Sun &amp; Chen, 2016).&nbsp;The purpose of this systematic review is to examine how university teachers perceive and utilize universal design in their daily classroom instructions. This systematic review explores the teachers’ readiness to implement universal design in their online courses at the university level the review includes detailed research of the most relevant literature and articles based on the readiness of faculty members to utilize universal design in teaching at the university level inst. The systematic review involved conducting a detailed search of relevant literature and articles that explored the preparedness of educators for implementing Universal Design in online higher education instruction. The procedure included a complete investigation of different survey reports and researchers that dealt with the identified problem. Assessing faculty preparedness for online education needs a thorough analysis of factors that affect teachers' preparedness which can be teachers' training and professional development institutional backing their perceptions.</p> 2024-06-11T05:28:39+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/687 Effect of Parental Involvement on Students’ Behavioral Adjustment at Primary School Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2024-06-24T20:14:29+00:00 Saman Yasin samanyasin123@gmail.com Shakeel Ahmad kittynaz2000@yahoo.com Anum Irshad anumirshad161@gmail.com <p><em>The study explores the effect of parental involvement that contributes to the broader domain of behavioral adjustment in terms of externalizing, internalizing and hyper active behavior. The research was carried at district Peshawar of province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The objective of the study examined the effect of parental involvement on students’ behavioral adjustment with respect to three aspects of behavioral adjustment. The literature review and data analysis showed the significant effect of parental involvement in the adjustment process during the initial years of school. The children at pre-primary level are energetic with lesser stress modules therefore can’t be classified as having behavioral issues however, when they come in the phase of practical learning in primary level they may face acute adjustment problems. However the early intervention of these problems may help the child to excel in school and also to stabilize him/her behavior in adolescence. 220 primary school teachers were selected through multistage sampling technique. Social Skills Rating System (Gresham &amp; Elliot, 1990) used by Margetts in 2005 was adapted for collecting data from the respondents. The collected data was analyzed by applying various statistical tools. The validity of the instrument was checked and the reliability was found within a good range. The mean value for all variables showed agreement of respondents towards the questions asked. No significant difference was found between the perceptions of two different organizations. The results of linear regression reflected inverse/ negative relationship between parental involvement and indicators of students’ behavioral adjustment. Thus, with the effective parental involvement undesired effects of students’ behavioral adjustment can be decreased.</em></p> 2024-06-14T15:16:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review