Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser <p><iframe src="https://rjsser.org.pk/" width="100%" height="4550"> </iframe></p> Sir Syed College of Education Katlang Mardan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa en-US Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review 2707-9015 Economic impacts of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict on Developing Countries: A focus on Agriculture, Industry, and Food Security https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/664 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The Russia-Ukraine conflict, a geopolitical struggle with global ramifications, has instigated profound economic implications, especially for developing countries. This research delves into the specific impacts on Agriculture, Industry, and Food Security in these vulnerable economies. The conflict has also exacerbated existing challenges such as climate change, environmental pollution, and health system weaknesses. Developing countries, such as Pakistan and Ethiopia, have been particularly affected, as they depend on Russia and Ukraine for essential products. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong><em> The objective is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted challenges and opportunities arising from the conflict, guiding policy responses and international collaboration.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodology:</em></strong><em> Employing a mixed-methods approach, using developing countries sample Pakistan and Ethiopia the research incorporates a thorough literature review, quantitative analysis, and case studies. Quantitative analysis involves a statistical SPI sensitivity price indicators examination to quantify the direct and indirect effects on the selected sectors. In-depth case studies of representative developing countries provide qualitative insights, while expert interviews contribute nuanced perspectives on geopolitical intricacies and potential mitigation strategies.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> Indicate significant disruptions in global trade, increased inflation, unemployment, supply chains, and resource availability, affecting agricultural production, industrial activities, food security in developing countries, and food shortages, as well. The research also underscores the importance of international cooperation, humanitarian considerations, and long-term resilience building.</em></p> <p><em>In <strong>conclusion</strong>, this research not only sheds light on the intricate economic impacts of the Russia-Ukraine conflict on developing countries but also offers practical insights to inform policy decisions and foster sustainable development in the face of ongoing geopolitical challenges.</em></p> Prof. Dr. Abdoulrahman Aljounaidi Dr. Muhammad Ali Dr. Soomro Shabbir Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2024-02-03 2024-02-03 5 1 1 15 10.36902/rjsser-vol5-iss1-2024(1-15) Role of Literacy & Non-Formal Education in Building a Sustainable and Peaceful Society in Punjab, Pakistan https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/669 <p><em>Literacy plays a vital role in the transition of the world as well as in building a sustainable and peaceful society. Promoting literacy leads to enhanced skills, knowledge, and upgraded mindsets which encourage individuals to build a sustainable future and assist them to make effective and informed decisions. The major objectives of the study were: 1) to explore the role of the literacy department in transition for promoting a sustainable peaceful society and 2) to identify the barriers to implementation of promoting literacy and a sustainable peaceful society. In the current research study, the qualitative research design was used. The population of the study was selected through purposive sampling technique all the stakeholders who could play a role in promoting literacy in the Punjab. The sample of the study was selected through a purposive sampling technique and it consisted of 15 stakeholders of the district Chiniot. The self-developed interview guide was used for data collection. However, the data was analyzed through thematic analysis. The findings of the study reflected that the literacy department has a significant role in promoting literacy for world transition and developing a sustainable peaceful society. It was recommended that the literacy initiatives should be expanded and should also be strengthened in all the areas of Punjab.</em></p> Saima Nasreen Sajid Hasan Rohina Gul Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 5 1 16 24 10.36902/rjsser-vol5-iss1-2024(16-24) Work Flexibility and Work-Life Interface: Linking Formal Flexible Arrangements to Employee Job Satisfaction https://ojs.rjsser.org.pk/index.php/rjsser/article/view/670 <p><em>This study delves into the interaction between formal flexible work arrangements and the job satisfaction of employees, with a selected awareness of how these arrangements influence the work-life interface. The shifting landscape of work has witnessed the departure from traditional, inflexible work arrangements towards more adaptable and accommodating forms of employment. This change has been accompanied by numerous sorts of formal flexible work arrangements, consisting of part-time work and flextime. Achieving a sweet work-life interface is an aspiration for lots of employees, and formal flexible arrangements can serve as a critical tool in this pursuit. The study explored its size, the elements contributing to it, and its importance in the contemporary workplace. This study was quantitative in nature, with data collected using a close-ended questionnaire from personnel, i.e. (medical and paramedical staff) of the PPHI organization. Based on the role of&nbsp;&nbsp; Social Exchange Theory, the study formulates hypotheses that establish links between formal flexible arrangements and job satisfaction, offering insights into how work flexibility impacts employee job satisfaction. A strong correlation exists between formal flexible arrangements and job satisfaction among employees.&nbsp; </em></p> Shahbaz Hyder Mughal Prof. Dr. Iram Rani Copyright (c) 2024 Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 5 1 25 35 10.36902/rjsser-vol5-iss1-2024(25-35)