Complex Classification of Second Language Motivation in English Language Learning: A Typological-Historical Critical Review
This theoretical paper aims to describe the complex nature of second language learning motivation, focusing on its types and history. Motivation is the process that accounts for a person's intensity, direction, and persistence of effort towards a goal-achievement. It is an essential phenomenon in almost every field of knowledge, including psychology, sociology, and education, to name a few. Several studies have been conducted on the role and rank of motivation in different contexts and knowledge fields. A large body of literature has also tried to relate motivation with a variety of variables. When it comes to second language learning, the vital role of motivation is indisputable. However, the more it is investigated, the more complex this construct comes to the surface. During the past few decades, its typological-historical critical review reveals that its fast-evolving phases have added to its complexity and importance at the same time. The paper concludes that motivation will remain a complex construct; however, more in-depth, comprehensive, and serious investigations may help us understand this phenomenon. This paper has opened some curious questions which demand further field investigation and research probing.