Effectiveness of Monitoring and Evaluation System in Context of Continuous Professional Development of Secondary School Teachers as a National Professional Standard for Teachers in Pakistan
Effective monitoring and evaluation are essential to maintain the learning process and a prerequisite for sustainable education. This study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of the Monitoring and Evaluation (M &E) system in Continuous Professional Development (CPD) of Secondary School Teachers (SSTs) as a National Professional Standard for Teachers (NPSTs) in Pakistan. The effectiveness of this standard was analyzed in 181 Federal Government Secondary schools spread over all Pakistan. The performance of 249 secondary school teachers was observed by 131 principals and 17 Conveners of the Quality Audit Team. The program of (M&E) system was implemented by Federal Government Educational Institutions Directorate Rawalpindi during 2015-16. To find the effectiveness of the M&E System in CPD as an NPST, the Rating Scale for 131 Principals was designed to observe the performance of secondary school teachers in the said standard. Rating scales for secondary school teachers were used to find their self-opinion. Semi-structured interviews of Conveners were conducted. Data was collected by adopting a stratified sampling technique by taking data from all areas/regions, male, female, and secondary schools. Data collected was based on performance levels before and after implementation of the Monitoring and Evaluation system. A mixed-method was used for the analysis of data. The effectiveness of the M & E system and CPD was analyzed through paired-tailed t-tests and thematic analysis was done of semi-structured interviews. It was concluded that the performance level of SSTs improved after attaining CPD that also reflected the effectiveness of the M & E System in FGEIs. The study will be instrumental in modifying the system of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in educational institutions. The results of this study will help to improve the performance of institutions and teachers in light of national professional standards.