An Analytical Study of Learning Styles and Achievement Motivation of Students at Secondary School Level
The present study was aimed to examine different learning styles of the students and level of students' achievement motivation at secondary school level; investigate the relationship of learning styles and achievement motivation of students at secondary school level. A multilevel mixed-method sampling technique was used. A total of 250 male and 250 females students studying in public sector schools located in Tehsil Rawalpindi were taken as a sample of the study. The study was descriptive in nature. Data were collected by using two questionnaires. Learning Styles Questionnaire based on the theory of Fleming's VAK Model (2001) and a questionnaire regarding achievement motivation based on McInerney's (2003) theory. Collected data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics; by using mean scores and inferential statistics; by using Pearson-Correlation. Major conclusions of the study showed that visual and auditory learning styles were the most favorite learning styles of the students and students were found often motivated to their achievement. Furthermore, there was a significant positive relationship between learning styles and students' achievement motivation. There was a significant positive relationship between the two components, visual and auditory learning styles of the VAK Model with that three components, social, mastery, and performance goals of achievement motivation. Based on conclusions, the following recommendations were made; the teacher may use audio-visual aids and hands-on practices in class. Moreover, this is the obligation of teachers to motivate students by fulfilling their social, mastery and performance goal.