Leaders are Born or Made? Perceptions of Subordinates regarding the Level of their Leadership Success at the University Level in Pakistan
The Paramount tenacity of this quantitative paper was to discover the perspectives of the subordinates about the level of their leadership based on the five levels planned by J.C Maxwell. Leadership has been an effective phenomenon in an educational context. For the promotion of quality education, it has been used as a productive tool. The successive sections of the paper also percentage the leadership at five levels proposed by Maxwell as perceived by their subordinates. It was a quantitative study in nature. For the data collection, multistage sampling technique was applied for the selection of 248 subordinates regarding their acting leadership. The questionnaire on the basis of rating scale was used developed by Maxwell and adapted (partially) to measure the level of leadership as perceived by their employed subordinates. SPSS version 20 was used for the data analysis. According to the results, it was found that the majority of leaders possess level two (permission) according to the rating of their subordinates. The least holding level was fifth (Pinnacle). There was a significant difference in the mean scores of Gender (Male & Female) p= .004. There was no statistically significant change in the mean scores of Sector (Public & Private) p=.006. It was suggested. Further studies may be conducted on large scale with different sample and research methods.
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