Inclusion of Civic Education in Social Studies Subject at Primary Level in AJK: A Perspective Study
The main objective of the study was to investigate the perceptions of social studies teachers about the execution of civic education in government girls and boys schools at the primary level in Azad Jammu & Kashmir. The present study was quantitative and the survey was used as the research design. 102 teachers of social studies of grade 4th and 5th from girls/boys primary schools of district Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, and Poonch AJK was the target population. The sample size was determined by using a stratified proportionate sampling technique and the sample size was calculated by online Raosoft sample size determining formula. Thus the sample size was 46. In the present study, a questionnaire was used as a research tool, and a questionnaire was developed based on a national curriculum document for social studies grade 4th and 5th will be used to investigate perceptions of social studies teachers. To validate items of the questionnaire, these were reviewed twice, once by a panel of experts in education and statistics. Ambiguous items and statements were omitted. The reliability of the questionnaire was to find out through Cronbach Alpha. Its value was found at 0.85. For data collection, a questionnaire was administered to the sampled social studies teachers of grades 4th and 5th of District Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, and Poonch Azad Jammu & Kashmir by the researcher personally. Quantitative data analysis was performed by using Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS). And results were presented in the form of destructive, inferential statistics.