Exploring the Factors that Provoke and Affecting Commuters of Sustainable Transit (Bus Rapid Transit)
The sustainable development goals Agenda 2030 encouraged cities to promote public transportation usage, especially bus rapid transit systems (BRT). This study aims to identify the factors affecting the ridership of bus rapid transit (BRT) systems to provide managerial implications for the transportation authorities to enhance the ridership. The factors including population, number of stations, the modal split of public transport, fleet size, frequency, pre-board fare collection, and overtaking lanes are considered in this paper. The data from 146 BRT systems are collected. A two-stage least square (2SLS) model is developed to conduct the analysis. Results revealed that the BRT systems parameters have significant impacts on the number of daily passengers. An increase in the fleet size, frequency of buses, and affordability and provided overtaking lanes significantly attract more ridership per station. This study supports the maximization of ridership in BRT systems by targeting the significant factors affecting the ridership and recommends further research. Resultantly, this will promote sustainable development.
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